|Carpet fiber characteristics
Source : http://www.elbowgreasecleaners.co.uk/articles/
Author : ElbowGrease
Published on : September 22, 2011
Carpet fiber characteristics
Author: Jeff Cross
Not every carpet is created equally. If they were, your cleaning protocol would be easier to predict.
Various fibers and how they are used in carpet dictates how easy the carpet will be to clean, and how long it will last and retain its bulk, texture and color.
Professional carpet cleaners must know the fiber content of the carpet they clean. Fiber identification is a skill you can easily develop.
Of equal importance is knowing each fiber's characteristics. Each fiber has it's "pros and cons."
Your customers or clients often purchase carpet on impulse.
Most choices in carpet are based on color, with texture and style following close behind.
There are four main fiber types in modern, broadloom carpet. They are:
This technical bulletin will address characteristics of each of these fibers.
Use this information to explain the cleanability of specific carpet types, and also to help specify which type of carpet is best for each application.
Nylon and durability
Nylon is known as a durable fiber. It's a good choice for heavy traffic areas.
Nylon's favorable qualities include:
Nylon's unfavorable qualities include:
With this information, think about where nylon would be a good choice in a home or business.
You might suggest to your customer to install nylon in a heavily-used living room, hallway, stairs, etc.
But you might think twice about suggesting nylon for bathrooms or areas where moisture is a concern, and especially when chlorine bleach might be used, such as a room close to an outdoor swimming pool, as the chlorine can be tracked onto the carpet.
Olefin and stain resistancy
Although olefin does not have the "strength" of nylon and tends to mat down and "ugly out" faster, it has some excellent qualities.
Olefin's favorable qualities include:
Olefin's unfavorable qualities include:
Olefin is a good choice in areas where moisture is prevalent, such as in a basement or around a swimming pool. It's naturally stain resistant, which means it's a good choice when kids and Kool Aid is in abundance.
But it's a bad choice for areas where oils and greases will be prominent, such as in a room close to a garage or right off a city street or paved parking area.
If olefin carpet is installed in such an area, you need solid cleaning techniques.
Polyester holds a healthy second place of market share, mainly due to the new designation of triexta.
Polyester's favorable qualities include:
Polyester's unfavorable qualities include:
Polyester is a good choice for low-traffic areas, and areas that have spot and stain concerns. Because it has a soft hand, it's often chosen due to texture.
Wool — the natural fiber
Although wool holds such a small amount of market share (less than 1%), you have to remember that billions of yards of carpet are produced each year.
That means that 1% is still a significant number.
Wool's favorable characteristics include:
Wool's unfavorable characteristics include:
Wool is obviously a favorite fiber for many, and because of its natural resiliency will last many years in a home or business.
But because of it being a natural fiber, care has to be taken when choosing a cleaning system.
Remember, each fiber type will display its own cleanability. If you know the "pros and cons" of each fiber you clean, you can easily handle any cleaning challenge.